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Zrinski and Frankapan conspiracy

The Zrinski and Frankapan conspiracy is a movement of the Croatian and Hungarian nobility against the absolutist policy of the Habsburgs, which began in 1664 and ended in 1671 with the execution of the main actors of the conspiracy. It arose as a result of specific circumstances in the Hungarian-Croatian Kingdom, which was attacked by the Ottoman invaders, and circumstances in the Habsburg Monarchy, which followed the Thirty Years’ War (1618–48) and the signing of the Peace of Westphalia (1648).

Barbara of Celje, “The Black Queen”

Barbara of Celje was born most probably in 1392 as the daughter of Herman II of Celje and Countess Ana von Schaunberg. Her father was one of the most powerful feudal lords in the Hungarian-Croatian kingdom with large estates in Slovenia and Croatia. He was also a big friend of the then King Sigismund of Luxembourg, whom he even saved by helping to escape the catastrophic defeat of the Ottomans at Nicopolis in 1396. After the death of his first wife Maria Sigismund, he chose the then minor Barbara as his future wife. They married in Krapina in 1405.

The Great Peasant Revolt of 1573

The peasant revolt of 1573 was a revolt against the unbearable living conditions of the dependent peasants. The revolt broke out on the estate of Franjo Tahy, affecting Hrvatsko Zagorje and a part of Slovenia, and affected a number of peasant revolts in our area over the next few centuries. According to its organization, it was the most serious revolt of the peasants in Croatian and Slovenian history in order to abolish the political power of the nobility and feudal levies. In the 16th century, the position of the peasants deteriorated due to the increase in natural benefits and their suppression from the trade in agricultural products. The nobility, on which the royal government relied in the fight against the Turks, enjoyed great benefits and all political rights. The disenfranchised peasantry bore all the tax burdens, the state and the church, and especially the heavy urbarial levies of the nobles. Also it was most exposed to the devastation and plunder of the Turks.

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