Mihajlo Krešimir II. (c. 920.-969.)

In the year 945. Miroslav became the croatian king (he succeeded his father Krešimir I.). It is important to note that after the death of king Tomislav, the influence and power of the Croatian state gradually weakened, and strengthened the byzantine so that Byzantium again ruled larger cities on the coast. Also, the great serbian župan (prefect) Časlav (supported by Byzantium) gathered in the alliance of the principalities south of Croatia.

In several historical documents from that, but even later periods, it is noted that at that time ban Pribina was very powerful (he ruled the areas of Lika, Gacka and Krbava) who got involved in internal battles for the throne that ended with the death of king Miroslav.

The church of „St. Stephen on the Island“ in Solin

Mihajlo Krešimir II emerged from these battles as the new king in 949. (Miroslav’s brother). He (on behalf of Byzantium) ruled larger cities on the coast, and in the “Chronicle of the priest Dukljanin” from the 12th century it is recorded that he invaded Bosnia and occupied the parishes of Uskoplje, Luka and Pleva. It seems that Mihajlo Krešimir II. with the help of ban Pribina consolidated his power over the state and established stability and peace.

Queen Jelena

The wife of Mihajlo Krešimir II. was queen Jelena. She most likely came from a respectable, rich and powerful patrician family from Zadar, Madi. After the king’s death in 969. she ruled as regent to her young son Stjepan Držislav. As her endowment, she built two churches in Solin near Split. Church of „St. Stephen on the Island“ has since served as a royal mausoleum and the church of „The Blessed Virgin Mary“ as the coronation basilica of future rulers. The churches were destroyed several times (by the Mongols and the Turks) and were upgraded over time. At the end of the 19th century, during the excavation of the foundations of the church of „St. Stephen“ a stone sarcophagus and a latin epitaph dedicated to the queen were found, and reads:

„(in hoc) (t)UMULO Q(ui)ESCIT HELENA FAMO(sa) (quae fui)T UX(o)R MIHAELI REGI MATERQ(ue) STEFANI R(egis) (pacemque) (obt)ENUIT REGNI. VIII IDUS M(ensis) OCT(obris) (in pac)E HIC OR(dinata) FUIT AN(no) AB INCARNA(tione) (Domini) DCCCCLXXVI IND. IV CICL(o) L(un) V. (ep) XVII (ciclo sol) V LUN. V. (conc)URRENTE VI. ISTAQ(ue) VIVENS FU(it) REGN(i) MATER FUIT PUPILOR(um) TUTO(rque) VIDUAR(um) ICQUE ASPICIENS VIR ANIME DIC MISERERE DEUS.“

“In this grave rests the famous Jelena, who was the wife of king Mihajlo and the mother of king Stjepan. She renounces the royal splendor of the eight day of the month of October. And she would be buried here in the year 976. from the incarnation of the Lord’s indication of the fourth of the fifth cycle of the moons, the seventeenth epakte, the fifth circle of the sun falling with the sixth. Behold, this is she who was the mother of the kingdom for life, and then became the mother of orphans and the protector of widows. Looking here, man, say: God have mercy on her soul! ”

Published by borisbirosevic

Hi! My name is Boris Birošević. I live in Zagreb, Croatia. My father studied history so he passed the love for it on me from my youth ages. He always told me interesting stories from history. I loved listening to him and I was always attracted to that, for me, unexplored and mystical world. I read all six books “History of the Croats” by Vjekoslav Klaić during my elementary school. During high school, I was (I could say) the best in history in my generation, and I further expanded my knowledge in college because we had a lot of history-related subjects. By the way, I have a master of journalism degree. I have been studying and dealing with history for 25 years, on a daily basis. I have a broad and deep knowledge of Croatian, European and worldwide history. My goal is to transfer my knowledge to others in an interesting and even so objective way. On my website and blog, I will try to bring details from Croatian history closer to foreigners because it is still unknown to many and difficult to access. I will also cover some topics that are close and related to Croatian history in a certain way (Western Balkans, Slavs, Austria-Hungary, etc.) I hope that on my page everyone will find something for himself. For me, history is not a job but a calling… Join me on my website "HISTORY OF CROATIA and related history"...

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