In 2011, during archaeological research and conservation work on the church of St. Vid in the Klis fortress, conservator R. Bužančić came across pre-Romanesque fragments among the blocks of its western facade with the remains of royal inscriptions, four of them that can be interconnected.
Tag Archives: croatia
The lost silver coins of King Colloman
The year is 1878, and the head of the Benkovac political district, Stefan Barbieri, is approached by a peasant, Pero Pavlović, from nearby Donji Lepur in Ravni Kotar near Zadar. He gives him a silver coin and says: “I found another 2,000 coins in the ground…” Barbieri looked at the coin, which looked a bit strange, authentic, and a cross was visible on it…
Who were the Vlachs in Croatia?
“Vlachs” is a collective name for several smaller related ethnic groups from Southeast Europe who were descendants of Roman colonists and Romanized local ancient peoples such as Illyrians and Thracians.
Nikola Tesla (1856-1943)
Nikola Tesla is an American and Croatian inventor of Serbian origin (Smiljan, July 10, 1856 – New York, January 7, 1943). He was born in the Lika district, but he worked almost all his life in the USA, where he made all his inventions…
Josip Jelačić (1801-1859)
Josip Jelačić was born on October 16, 1801 in Petrovaradin, where his father Franjo was sub-marshal of the Slavonian Military Frontier. He was born into a noble family whose members were distinguished warriors, high military commanders, statesmen, priests, educators, benefactors and writers. His mother Ana Portner was also from a noble family, and in addition to Josip, she gave birth to two more sons, Jura and Antun, and a daughter, Cecilia.
Battle of Vis, 1866
In 1865, the Prussian chancellor Bismarck submitted to Austria a proposal that Austria cede the provinces of Schleswig and Holstein to Prussia for a certain monetary compensation. At the same time, Italy offered Austria a thousand million lire for Venice. Austria flatly rejected both offers, and then Prussia and Italy concluded a pact on a joint attack on Austria. If Prussia attacks Austria, Italy will also attack it. The peace would be concluded so that Italy would get Venice, and Prussia some parts of Austria. On June 23, the Italian army crossed the Minzio, which opened up the southern Italian battlefield, and Austria was drawn into the war on two fronts.
The bloody council in Križevci, 1397
In the Middle Ages, the county of Križevci was the largest county in Northern Croatia. It had exceptional social and political significance, especially the town of Križevci itself, where sabors (assemblies) were held, the most famous of which was the “Bloody Sabor” or the „Bloody Assembly“.
Zrinski and Frankapan conspiracy (1664-1671)
The Zrinski and Frankapan conspiracy is a movement of the Croatian and Hungarian nobility against the absolutist policy of the Habsburgs, which began in 1664 and ended in 1671 with the execution of the main actors of the conspiracy. It arose as a result of specific circumstances in the Hungarian-Croatian Kingdom, which was attacked by the Ottoman invaders, and circumstances in the Habsburg Monarchy, which followed the Thirty Years’ War (1618–48) and the signing of the Peace of Westphalia (1648).
Barbara of Celje, “The Black Queen” (1392-1451)
Barbara of Celje was born most probably in 1392 as the daughter of Herman II of Celje and Countess Ana von Schaunberg. Her father was one of the most powerful feudal lords in the Hungarian-Croatian kingdom with large estates in Slovenia and Croatia. He was also a big friend of the then King Sigismund of Luxembourg, whom he even saved by helping to escape the catastrophic defeat of the Ottomans at Nicopolis in 1396. After the death of his first wife Maria Sigismund, he chose the then minor Barbara as his future wife. They married in Krapina in 1405.
The Great Peasant Revolt of 1573
The peasant revolt of 1573 was a revolt against the unbearable living conditions of the dependent peasants. The revolt broke out on the estate of Franjo Tahy, affecting Hrvatsko Zagorje and a part of Slovenia, and affected a number of peasant revolts in our area over the next few centuries. According to its organization, it was the most serious revolt of the peasants in Croatian and Slovenian history in order to abolish the political power of the nobility and feudal levies. In the 16th century, the position of the peasants deteriorated due to the increase in natural benefits and their suppression from the trade in agricultural products. The nobility, on which the royal government relied in the fight against the Turks, enjoyed great benefits and all political rights. The disenfranchised peasantry bore all the tax burdens, the state and the church, and especially the heavy urbarial levies of the nobles. Also it was most exposed to the devastation and plunder of the Turks.