In the Middle Ages, the county of Križevci was the largest county in Northern Croatia. It had exceptional social and political significance, especially the town of Križevci itself, where sabors (assemblies) were held, the most famous of which was the “Bloody Sabor” or the „Bloody Assembly“.
Barbara of Celje was born most probably in 1392 as the daughter of Herman II of Celje and Countess Ana von Schaunberg. Her father was one of the most powerful feudal lords in the Hungarian-Croatian kingdom with large estates in Slovenia and Croatia. He was also a big friend of the then King Sigismund of Luxembourg, whom he even saved by helping to escape the catastrophic defeat of the Ottomans at Nicopolis in 1396. After the death of his first wife Maria Sigismund, he chose the then minor Barbara as his future wife. They married in Krapina in 1405.
Pacta conventa (lat. “Agreed agreement” also called Qualiter (lat. “How”, according to the first word it begins with) is an alleged agreement believed to have been made in 1102 between the Hungarian king Koloman and the Croatian nobility, which the Croatian nobility recognized Koloman for his ruler, and in return he promised them certain privileges, but the authenticity and time of the agreement are disputed, which has been the subject of controversy since the mid-19th century.
The Battle of Nicopolis in 1396 was one of the last (together with the expedition to Varna in 1444) crusades in Europe. In it, the Hungarian-Croatian king and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, Sigismund of Luxembourg, tried to defeat and drive away the Turks, who at that time had approached the Hungarian borders. At that time, the Ottoman Empire was a significant military power that, having already taken over most of the Balkans, posed a real danger of penetrating further into Central Europe.
Battle of Mohacs, 1526
The legend of the violent death of King Dmitar Zvonimir appears in several medieval sources. Almost every one of them is of questionable credibility with a hard-to-verify story. However, it is interesting that the violent death (that he was killed) of King Zvonimir is mentioned in several different sources, so that this thesis was evenContinue reading “The legend about the death of King Zvonimir”
The legend of the immigration of Croats…
The legend of the origin of the Croatian coat of arms
Duchy of Pannonian Croatia PART 2
Duchy of Pannonian Croatia PART 1